Legislative Framework

Following the Constitutional Act on National Security, on 12 March 2020 at 2 PM, the Government of the Czech Republic declared a state of emergency throughout the entire Czech Republic for a period of 30 days. The state of emergency has been extended  until 17 May2020. 

Restrictions on the entry to the Czech Republic remain effective, concerning all foreigners who do not have a temporary or permanent residence in the Czech Republic. 

Recently, the filing of residence permit applications opened up for foreigners participating in the so-called governmental programs of economic migration. These are special programs, the purpose of which is to facilitate the employment of qualified employees from abroad. 

Previously closed business premises are open,  but they are subject to various hygienical restrictions. From 01 July 2020 people will be able to put down their face masks in public transport and inside of premises, with the exception of critical epicenters such as Prague or Karvina. The capacity of public events is increased to 1000 and restaurants will be able to stay open even after 11 PM.

Extension of Competence for the Health Minister

The government has approved the bill of the Act on Extraordinary Measures During the Epidemic of the covid-19 Disease. The Act extends the competences of the Health Ministry and supplements the Act on the Public Health Protection.

As a result, should the bill be approved, the Health Ministry will have the competence to issue measures for set time after previous consent of the government event after the end of the state of emergency. In this regard, it is expected that the measures will command certain activities or limit or prohibit some services. The proposal considers in particular the sectors of public transport, commerce, manufacturing, malls, hairdresser establishments and similar services, public swimming pools, public gatherings and events and universities.

The bill reflects the situation from April 23, when the Municipal Court in Prague revoked extraordinary measures of the Health Ministry on limiting of free movement, retail and services on the ground that it views it as unlawful.